Moorish architecture

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ISBN 9783822831038

Oprawa: twarda, Format: 24x30 cm, Stron: 240,  2007 r., tekst angielski

Spain owes its special historical position in Europe very largely to his intensive encounter with the Orient. In the summer of 710, a small force under the command of a Berber named Tarîf ibn Mâlik landed to the west of Gibraltar. The Islamic armies that followed in its wake succeeded in conquering large areas of Spain within a short span of years. The conquerors gave the country the name of "al-andalus." Thus began a period of cultural permeation that was to last for almost 800 years. In spite of intolerance and animosity, there developed between Muslims, Christians, and Jews a shared cultural environment that proved the basis for great achievements.

Moorish-Andalusian art and architecture combine elements of various traditions into a new, autonomous style. Among the outstanding architectural witnesses to this achievement are the Great Mosque in Cordova and the Alhambra in Granada, recognized and admired as part of the world's heitage right up to the present day. They are described in detail in this book. The main centres of Hispano-Islamic art and architecture, the cities of Cordova, Seville and Granada, are discussed within the chronological framework of developments, both political and cultural, from 710 to 1492.

The author traces the changes in architectural forms over the centuries, and concles with an attempt to identify those enduring characteristics which run like a thread through Hispano-Islamic architecture, for all the different influences to which it was subject. Alongside mosques, castle ruins, and splendid palaces, the reader will find detailed photographs of Moorish decorative art in all its thousand and one variations.

 
Spis treści:
Introduction
Events up to the End of the 9th Century
The Visigothic at the Beginning of the 8th Century
The Islamic Conquest
The Religious Message
The Exspansion of Islam
The Emirate
The Umayyad Family
'Abd ar-Rahman I
The New Umayyad State
"Abd ar-Rahman I's Successors
Period of Crisis (852-912) 
 
The Architecture of the 8th and 9th Centuries
The Foundation of the Great Mosque at Cordova
The Extansion of the Friday Mosque
Seville and Merida
Bobastr
Vitality and Richneee of Forum
 
A Golden Age: The Caliphate
"Abd ar-Rahman III (912-961)
"Abd ar-Rahman III 's Successors  (961-1031)
The Amirids
Andalusia at its Zenith
 
The Architecture of the 10th Century
Madinat al-Zahra
The Great Mosque of Cordova
Smaller Mosque
The Rabita de Guardamar
Fortresses and Brodges
Towns: the Example of Vascos
Ornamenation
 
The Age of the Petty Kings
 
The Architecture of the Taifa Period
Fortresses and Castles
The Aljaferia in Saragossa
Balaguer
Other Pakaces and Works of Art
 
The Period of Berber Domination
The Almoravids: Berber Tribes from the Sahara
The Almohads: Berbers from the High Atlas
 
Almoravid and Almohad Architecture
Almoravid Remains in North Africa and Andalusia
Murcia and Monteago
Crafts
New Directions: in religion and in Aesthetics 
Seville, the Capital, and her Friday Mosque
Other Almohad Mosques in the South-Western Province
Palaces and Fortresses
Murcia Province: Cieze
Influences on the Christian North
 
The Rule of the Nasrids
 
The Architecture of the Nasrids
The Alhambra: from Fortress to Palace City
Principal Architectural Themes of the Alhambra
Sultanate of Granada
Nasrid Architectural Ornamentation
Conclusion
Notes
Glossary
Bibliography
Sources of Illustrations
General Map
Index